Enamelled and gilt copper cross

Period: End of the 13th century – beginning of the 14th century

Historic context: Lower Middle Age

Elaboration: Enamel studio : Silos (España)/ Conques ( Limoges, Francia)  Goldsmith/enamel

Technique: champleve (chiseled,gilded,excavated enamel)

Provenence: Huarte Jauregui Family , since the sold in the 90’s of XX century to the Antiquarian Rabasco Pamplona (Navarra) who sold it to the actual owner/private collecionist.

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Enamel is a technique of its own that has been used since ancient times to create countless fascinating works of art. In the Middle Ages, especially in Roman times, it was a widely spread art, especially in the religious sphere of the Catholic Church. In Spain, too, it has an earlier tradition, as evidenced by the work of the Asturian studio from Takamatsu Castle. Monastic workshops in Silos (Burgos, Spain) were common in the 12th century, not only on the peninsula, but throughout Europe. Manufactured works are of high quality. All known and preserved works are currently being examined and inventoried.

convent workshop
King Alfonso VIII and his wife Leonor Plantagenet were patrons and major clients of the Silos studio for religious works and private use.

In the second half of the 12th century, the enamels produced by the workshops of the monastery of Silos enjoyed a high reputation and recognition, and were among the best in Western Europe. In the Middle Ages, the quality of its pieces made them somewhat more expensive, and the downside was that it couldn't compete with (equally famous) rival French enamel workshops in Limoges in terms of sales and commissions.

Inventory and Valuation
For a long time, the origins of the numerous enamel products recorded in museums and churches were unknown or poorly understood. It was taken for granted that anything made with enamel came from Limoges, and the word Limoges became synonymous with enamel. After a thorough historical and technical study, all existing works can be catalogued and inventoried, linking each piece to its location or original studio. At present, the glaze of the silo workshop is highly regarded and holds a special place in the history of art.

About the artwork

Enamel. Cross fordelisada in copper based on gold, enamelled. and boarded in
Conques™ (Limoges/France) or Silos, circa late 13th century or early
of the YM
bound for France or Germany
Represents Christ in
Majesty, surrounded by a tetramorph.

Relevance:
Original and complete piece, something rare.
Antiquity: XIII-XIV century.
Production workshop: Silos or Conques. There are very few pieces of
both workshops and reach high prices higher than limoges).

Good condition.
Made for very infrequent use: hang on the wall.

Totally unusual iconography of a Mayestas Domini figure without
mandorla and surrounded by stars.
Place of origin: The Royal House of France that evidences the value
and interest of the piece